Like humans, batteries function best at room temperature, and any deviation towards hot and cold changes the performance and/or longevity. Operating a battery at elevated temperatures momentarily improves performance by lowering the internal resistance and speeding up the chemical metabolism, but such a condition shortens service life if allowed to continue for a long period of time.
The purpose of a battery is to store and release energy at the desired time and in a controlled manner. This section examines discharges under different C-rates and evaluates the depth to which a battery can safely be depleted. Chapter 5 also observes different discharge signatures and explores how certain patterns can affect battery life. But first, let’s look at charge and discharge rates, also known as C-rate.
If the battery were a perfect power source and behaved linearly, the discharge time could be calculated according to the in-and-out current. “What has been put in can be taken out in the same form over time” is the argument, and in our example a one-hour charge at 5A should enable a one-hour discharge at 5A, or a 5-hour discharge at 1A. However,